Country/territory: Sudan

IBA Criteria met: A4i, A4iii (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 850,000 ha

Site description
The Gezira is a large area of flood-plain between the Blue and White Niles to the south of Khartoum. The area is intensively farmed and—particularly along the western bank of the Blue Nile south-eastwards to the town of Wad Medani and beyond—is criss-crossed with networks of irrigation channels.

Key biodiversity
See Box for key species. The site is important for wintering and passage waterbirds. It is likely that at least 20,000 waterbirds occur during most northern winters. Counts of 1,000 Anas querquedula, 3,000 Philomachus pugnax and 1,000 Glareola pratincola were made at single localities during the winters of 1959–1962. Other counts include up to 2,000 Ciconia ciconia. Birds forage widely across the grass plains while some congregate in large roosts, particularly on sandbanks in the Blue Nile at Wad Medani.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gezira. Downloaded from on 18/08/2022.