A shallow gulf which includes a river delta, coastal lagoons, freshwater marshes, rivers, streams, wet meadows, and reedbeds (Phragmites). Human activities include fishing, agriculture, water management, tourism, quarrying, and hunting.
The site is important for passage migrants and as a foraging area for raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (up to 10 wintering individuals).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The site is seriously threatened. There is intense pressure from housing, tourist and industrial developments. Wetland areas are subject to infilling and rubbish dumping. Water quality is declining as a result of agricultural intensification and sewerage, and salinity is increasing as a result of groundwater abstraction. Quarrying produces large amounts of solid waste. The fishery is being over-exploited. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.
National Low International NonePart of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Divolo-Akothi/Loutron Lesvou, 300 ha).
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 02/08/2021.