Country/territory: Vanuatu

IBA criteria met: A1, A2 (2010)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 18,725 ha

Site description (2008 baseline)
Gaua rises about 3000m from the seafloor to an altitude of 797m. Gaua has had at least 13 eruptionsfrom Mt Gharat since 1963 - the most recent in 1982 lasting less than a day. Mt Gharat is denuded by recent volcanic activity, but the caldera are vegetated with rainforest.

Key biodiversity
Important for its Palm Lorikeet and Royal Parrotfinche populations. Also holds small numbers of Vanuatu Imperial Pigeon and Vanuatu Megapode.

Non-bird biodiversity: Fiji Blossom Bat Notopteris macdonaldi, Vanuatu Flying Fox Pteropus anetianus, Coconut Crab Birgus latro.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Gaua. Downloaded from on 20/02/2024.