Gasr Muhaiwir, Wadi Hauran

Country/territory: Iraq

IBA criteria met: A3 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 10,000 ha

Nature Iraq
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2013 low not assessed negligible
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Site description (baseline)
Gasr Muhaiwir lies c.80 km east-north-east of Rutbah in Wadi Hauran, the main wadi crossing the western desert of Iraq to the Euphrates. The stony desert carries only a sparse herb growth, and only in the wadi where there are temporary pools and springs is there more abundant vegetation. Summers are extremely hot, while winter temperatures can fall below freezing. There is archaeological evidence in the area of its use by man since Neolithic times.

Key biodiversity
The site's main interest lies in the attraction it holds for spring and autumn migrants crossing a huge area of desert, and large numbers of a wide variety of passerines and other species occur. The desert avifauna includes Cursorius cursor, Ammomanes deserti, Alaemon alaudipes, and Pterocles senegalensis and Eremophila bilopha may also breed.

Non-bird biodiversity: No information available to BirdLife International.

Data-sheet compiled by Pavel Ctyroky.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Gasr Muhaiwir, Wadi Hauran. Downloaded from on 28/05/2023.