Located in the north-east of Tongbai County, bordering Xinyang City to the east, Queshan County to the north and Miyang County to the west. The IBA is higher in the north and slightly sloping to the south, and mostly comprises high mountains and river valleys. It is the origin of the Wuli He and Maoji He rivers, which flow into the Huai He river.
Non-bird biodiversity: Many nationally and procvincially protected plants such as Gingko. About 30 species of large mammals recorded including leopard cat, pangolin, goral etc. Giant salamander also found in this site.
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gaole Shan Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/12/2021.