Gandoman marsh

Country/territory: Iran, Islamic Republic of

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4i, B1i, B2 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 1,500 ha

Site description
A largely seasonal freshwater marsh on a vast grassy plain at 2,250 m in the central Zagros Mountains, c.25 km south-west of Borujen and 75 km west-south-west of Shahreza. The wetland, dominated by sedges, floods in winter and spring, but by late summer is almost completely dry. There is some rice cultivation along the central main stream and some wheat on the surrounding grassy plains. Land ownership is public and private.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. An important wintering area for Casmerodius albus, Ardea cinerea, Tadorna ferruginea, Anas platyrhynchos (up to 5,000) and Aythya nyroca. Haliaeetus albicilla and Aquila clanga have occurred in winter. Breeding species include Ciconia ciconia (summer visitor locally) and Buteo rufinus. Ciconia nigra occurs (status unknown) and Buteo buteo is a passage migrant.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gandoman marsh. Downloaded from on 09/02/2023.