A predominantly forested area on the eastern Bohemian Mass. Large areas of native forest have been replaced with spruce Picea plantations but substantial areas of native mixed Fagus and Abies forest, Picea forest and broadleaved forest remain. The majority of the remaining area is mesophile grassland. The site has a number of raised bogs.
The area is important for breeding forest species and Crex crex.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The major threat to the site is from intensive forestry, especially the use of Picea plantations and forest-road construction. In more open areas, threats come from the intensification of grassland utilization and arable agriculture.
National Low International Partial189 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserves (Karlstifter Moore, 64 ha; Bruckangerlau, 3 ha; Tanner Moor, 122 ha). 12,250 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Waldviertler Teich, Heide und Moorlandschaften, 54,486 ha).
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Freiwald. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 04/12/2022.