Fraser Island

Country/territory: Canada

IBA Criteria met: -
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 55 ha

Birds Canada / Nature Canada

Site description
Fraser Island is a small island located off the northwestern tip of Nottingham Island (at the western mouth of the Hudson Strait). Apart from the adjacent Nottingham Island, Fraser Island is completely surrounded by the open ocean. It is a rocky place with uneven terrain and only sparse vegetation. Neither Fraser Island nor Nottingham Island is inhabited and the closest community, Cape Dorset, is 120 kilometers to the northeast on Baffin Island.

Key biodiversity
A large number of Common Eiders breed on this remote island. Although precise estimates are unavailable, it thought that between 1,000 and 3,000 pairs were present in the early 1980s (at least 1%, to as much as 3% of the borealis population). More recent surveys have not been completed. This is the northernmost of the eastern Common Eider subspecies; the other two, dresseri and sedentaria, breed along the Atlantic coast and the Hudson Bay and James Bay coasts respectively.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Fraser Island. Downloaded from on 01/07/2022.