UK148
Firth of Forth Islands


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Northern Gannet Morus bassanus LC breeding 1999 44,110 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii, B2, C3
European Shag Gulosus aristotelis LC breeding 2001 1,089 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3, C3
Larus argentatus NR breeding 1999-2001 10,988 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C3
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus LC breeding 1999-2002 7,492 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3, C3
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii LC breeding 2000 2 breeding pairs B2, C6
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii LC breeding 2006 5 breeding pairs B2, C6
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 1999-2000 313 breeding pairs C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 2000 300 breeding pairs B2, C6
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica VU breeding 1998-1999 72,115 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii, B2, C3
Razorbill Alca torda NT breeding 2001 4,768 individuals B1ii, B3, C3
Common Murre Uria aalge LC breeding 1999-2001 36,417 individuals B1ii, C3
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 1999-2002 145,356 breeding pairs A4iii, C4
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a breeding 1999-2002 27,669 breeding pairs A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 low not assessed medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Isle Of May Site of Special Scientific Interest (GB) 70 protected area contained by site 57
Isle of May National Nature Reserve 57 protected area contained by site 57
Isle of May Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 357 protected area overlaps with site 42
Inchmickery Site of Special Scientific Interest (GB) 5 protected area contained by site 5
Forth Islands Site of Special Scientific Interest (GB) 21 protected area contained by site 22
Firth of Forth Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 248 protected area contained by site 105
Fidra RSPB Reserve 11 protected area contained by site 11
Bass Rock Site of Special Scientific Interest (GB) 8 protected area contained by site 8

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland -
Coastline Rock stacks and islets -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Firth of Forth Islands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/04/2019.