Firth of Forth

Country/territory: United Kingdom

IBA criteria met: A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6 (2007)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 6,289 ha

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2007 very unfavourable high low
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2007 baseline)
A complex site that stretches for over 100 km from the River Forth at Stirling eastwards past Edinburgh, and along the coasts of Fife and East Lothian before culminating in a wide mouth. The IBA covers large areas of intertidal flats and inshore waters, in addition to saltmarsh and sand-dune systems, maritime grassland, heath and fen. The IBA is important for wintering and passage wildfowl and waders, and for breeding terns.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Firth of Forth. Downloaded from on 26/02/2024.