IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2001 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda LC breeding - 3,000-4,000 breeding pairs A4ii
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus LC breeding - 500-1,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae EN breeding - present A1
Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel LC breeding - 1,000-1,200 breeding pairs A4ii
Red-footed Booby Sula sula LC breeding - 2,800-3,800 breeding pairs A4ii
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus LC breeding - 500,000-1,000,000 breeding pairs A4i
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 2000 510,000-1,000,000 breeding pairs A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2001).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Ile d'Europa Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 205,800 protected area contains site 0
Europa Nature Reserve National Park 3,000 is identical to site 3,000

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military -
nature conservation and research -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Europa. Downloaded from on 25/09/2023.