This Marine IBA is identified using seaward extensions around breeding colonies. It originates from the French Southern Territories Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and falls within the Indian Ocean, Western FAO ocean region. The site covers an area of 8915 km2 and is 242 km away from the closet coastline. The depth ranges from 0 to 3433 m, with a mean annual wind speed of 1.69 m/s, mean annual sea surface temperature falls between 26.01 and 26.47 °C and mean annual chlorophyll-a concentrations found to range between 0.13 and 0.21 mg/m3.
5 species trigger IBA criteria at this Marine IBA. Seaward extensions around breeding colony; Europa include key near-colony areas for breeding populations of Lesser Frigatebird (LC) 3000-3600 individuals, White-tailed Tropicbird (LC) 1500-3000 individuals, Red-tailed Tropicbird (LC) 9000-12000 individuals, Sooty Tern (LC) 600000-2400000 individuals and Red-footed Booby (LC) 840-9690 individuals.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Europa - Marine. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/09/2022.