An estuary with mudflats, beaches and alluvial islands, marshes, wet meadows and woodland.
The site holds 20,000 or more waterbirds in winter, on a regular basis. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Gallinago media (passage).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The site is seriously threatened by water-level modifications (which have altered the freshwater-saltwater ratios), infilling of saltmarshes, meadows and mudflats, and embankment of the River Loire.
National Low International Partial3,913 ha of IBA covered by 3 Hunting Reserves (Massereau, 393 ha; Estuaire de la Loire, 3,400 ha; Ile de la Pierre rouge, 120 ha). 17,700 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Estuaire de la Loire, 17,700 ha).
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Estuaire de la Loire. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 08/03/2021.