Esla dam

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2011 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Great Bustard Otis tarda VU resident 2010 min 38 individuals A1, C1

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2011).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Riberas Del Río Esla y Afluentes Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,947 protected area overlaps with site 150
Lagunas de Villafafila Reserva Natural 32,529 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Lagunas de Villafáfila Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 32,533 protected area is adjacent to site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland -
Shrubland Scrub -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
water management -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Esla dam. Downloaded from on 03/12/2023.