The proposed Enipein Watershed IBA abuts the Pohnpei Watershed Forest Reserve IBA.
Non-bird biodiversity: The FSM NBSAP (2002) lists the area as containing a number of conservation targets, including Pohnpei Flying Fox.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Clearing and habitat removal for development, unmanaged agricultural activities and runoff, pollution, and landslides (Khosrowpanah et al., 2005).
Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
Conservation activities in the watershed include participatory workshops to encourage community-based management. Mangroves areas of the proposed IBA include areas of no-take and sustainable use areas. Development of a management strategy is underway, as part of a joint project between the University of Guam, Water and Environmental Research Institute of the Western Pacific (WERI) and the Conservation Society of Pohnpei (CSP). Rainfall, streamflow, and sedimentation research is jointly undertaken by Palau International Coral Reef Centre (PICRC), University of Guam (UOG), the University of Hawaii-Hilo (UOH) and the Australia Institute of Marine Science (AIMS). Additional partners are the German Forestry Project and the Pohnpei State Division of Forestry.
Habitat and land use
The FSM NBSAP (2002) lists the area as containing a number of conservation targets, including:
• Ivory Nut Palm Forest
• Tidal Saltwater Swamp
• High Island Nearshore Marine
• Mangrove Forest
• Atoll/Beach Forest
• Coastal Freshwater Marsh
• Swamp Forest
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Enipein Watershed. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 17/08/2022.