El Encanto de Guanapalo

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2022 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Crestless Curassow Mitu tomentosum NT breeding 2020-2021 30-45 adults B1a
Orinoco Goose Neochen jubata NT breeding 2020-2021 100-300 adults A4, B1a
Scarlet Ibis Eudocimus ruber LC resident 2020-2021 1,000-1,500 adults A4
Agami Heron Agamia agami VU resident 2020-2021 30 individuals A1
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis NT passage 2020-2021 200-500 individuals B1a

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2022).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2021 not assessed high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset good

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Montana Reserva Natural de la Sociedad Civil 2,898 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mata de palma Reserva Natural de la Sociedad Civil 2,597 protected area overlaps with site 0
Altamira Reserva Natural de la Sociedad Civil 2,941 protected area overlaps with site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Streams, Rivers, Freshwater marshes/swamps, Artificial wetlands -
Forest Gallery (or Riparian) forest -
Savanna Savanna -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
rangeland/pastureland -
nature conservation and research -

Land ownership
Cada uno de los tres hatos es de propiedad de un miembro de la familia Zambrano.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: El Encanto de Guanapalo. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/el-encanto-de-guanapalo-iba-colombia on 02/10/2023.