An area of reclaimed marshland on the Great Plain, bordered by the River Berettyó in the east, the River Körös in the south, the Hortobágy-Berettyó Canal in the west, and the ó-Berettyó Canal in the north. Secondary saline grasslands and arable lands exist on poor soil. Human activities include cattle- and sheep-grazing, haymaking, goose-farming and arable farming.
An important area for farmland birds, associated with extensive forms of land-use, including the most significant local population of Otis tarda in Hungary. Daily maximum totals of between 1,500 and 2,000 Grus grus have been recorded migrating over the Hortobágy-Berettyó Canal. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (4-12 wintering birds).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ecseg Pusztas of Dévaványa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/12/2020.