A group of 25 small islands close to the mainland Akarnanika mountains and the Acheloos estuary-Mesolongi wetland area. The islands are predominantly covered with scrub or bare rock. However, some are wooded including Kalamos and Petala. The main human activities are livestock-farming and tourism.
The site is particularly important for breeding and wintering raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aegypius monachus (non-breeding), Aquila clanga (1-4 wintering individuals), Aquila heliaca (1-2 wintering individuals).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Illegal hunting and tourist developments are the major threats. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.
National None International Partial2,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Delta Acheloou, Limnothalassa Mesolongiou-Aitoliko kai Ekvoles Evinou, 34,941 ha).
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Echinades, Kalamos and Atokos islands. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 06/03/2021.