Ebro delta This is an IBA in Danger! 

Country/territory: Spain

IBA criteria met: A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6 (2011)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 34,477 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2016 not assessed very high low
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2000 baseline)
A large delta that protrudes into the Mediterranean Sea forming a complex of shallow brackish lagoons, saltmarshes, salt-lakes and sand beaches with dunes. The site includes approximately 1,500 ha of rice cultivation. Human activities include hunting, fishing, reed-harvesting, arable cultivation and livestock-farming.

Key biodiversity
One of the most important sites in the Mediterranean for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds˜27,000 pairs of breeding waterbird occur in the summer and up to 180,000 waterbirds winter at the site. The site holds more than 60% of the world population of Larus audouinii.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Ebro delta. Downloaded from on 28/11/2023.