Ebi Nur and Kuytun River

Year of compilation: 2009

Site description
Ebi Nur is located in the northern part of the Tian Shan mountains, at the south-western tip of Junggar Basin, 30 km north of Jinghe County, 40 km east of Bole (Bortala) City and 400 km west of Urumqi. There are three rivers flowing into this isolated salt lake. It is the second largest lake in Xinjiang but also quite shallow, with an average depth of 2-3 m, meaning that drought or irrigation could damage the ecosystem and the lake might dry up (like Lop Nor). The IBA is an important stop-over site for migratory birds, and the reedbeds and marshes in the south are important breeding habitats for birds.

Key biodiversity

Non-bird biodiversity: 385 species of arid-zone plants have been recorded in the area, and 117 species of animals including 41 nationally protected species (categories one and two).

Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
The IBA overlaps with a nature reserve of 267,085 ha, which was established at the provincial level in 2000, and upgraded to a national nature reserve in 2007.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ebi Nur and Kuytun River. Downloaded from on 15/08/2022.