Eastern Issyk Kul Lake

Year of compilation: 2006

Site description
Territory includes mudflats along the shores, sea buckthorn thickets growing along the 2 km length of shores, shallow floodplains, estuaries of Tyup, Djergalan, Kara-Kol, Kizil- Suu rivers. The territory is situated in close proximity to Karakol city.

Key biodiversity
Criterion A4iii is applied to the site because of the big concentration of wintering waterfowl. During stopover for resting and feeding, up to 2,5 thousand Demoiselle crane, many waders, geese (Bean Goose), as well as White-headed ducks may stop here. Whooper swan and White-tailed eagle are common in winter. Tundra swan is rare.From 15 to 40 thousands individuals of 30 species winter here each year.Issyk-Kul basin hosts 267 bird species. Mallard, Gadwall, Common and Red-Crested pochards, Common coot and Great Crested grebe breed here. Species seen during the passage include Demoiselle crane, Northern Pintail, Garganey and Shoveler. Whooper and Mute swans, Goldeneye, Red-crested pochard and occasionally Tundra swan winter here.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals occur here are fox, ondatra, jackal, badger, weasel, water shrew and voles. Amphibians are Marsh frog and European green toad. Plants are sea buckthorn thickets, plantings of poplar, elm, barberry, sedges and reed.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
At this moment ecosystems are in satisfactory conditions.Main threats are agricultutal intensification (B), fishing and harvesting aquatic resources (B), human disturbance (B), selective logging (B).

Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
Conservation work is done by Issyk-Kul reserve staff. IBA territory lies in Biosphere territory “Issyk-Kul” formed in 2000 and received official recognition by UNESCO in 2001. IBA has great opportunities for further research

Protected areas
Issyk-Kul reserve consists of 12 sites in the IBA territory consists of 7 sites.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Eastern Issyk Kul Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2021.