TZ070
East Usambara Mountains


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus LC resident 2000 present A3
Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri NT resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Sokoke Scops-owl Otus ireneae EN resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Fraser's Eagle-owl Bubo poensis LC resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus NT resident 2000 present A1, A3
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus NT resident 2000 present A3
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum LC resident 2000 present A3
Eastern Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus simplex LC resident 2000 present A3
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax LC resident 2000 present A3
Brown-breasted Barbet Pogonornis melanopterus LC resident 2000 present A3
Mombasa Woodpecker Campethera mombassica LC resident 2000 present A3
Green-headed Oriole Oriolus chlorocephalus LC resident 2000 present A3
Grey Cuckooshrike Ceblepyris caesius LC resident 2000 present A3
Chestnut-fronted Helmetshrike Prionops scopifrons LC resident 2000 present A3
East Coast Batis Batis soror LC resident 2000 present A3
Gorgeous Bush-shrike Telophorus viridis LC resident 2000 present A3
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata LC resident 2000 present A3
Kretschmer's Longbill Macrosphenus kretschmeri LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-capped Forest-warbler Artisornis metopias LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Long-billed Forest-warbler Artisornis moreaui CR resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Arizelocichla nigriceps LC resident 2000 present A3
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Arizelocichla nigriceps LC resident 2000 present A3
Shelley's Greenbul Arizelocichla masukuensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Fischer's Greenbul Phyllastrephus fischeri LC resident 2000 present A3
Phyllastrephus debilis NR resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla LC resident 2000 present A3
Little Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus LC resident 2000 present A3
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri LC resident 2000 present A3
Kenrick's Starling Poeoptera kenricki LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Black-bellied Starling Notopholia corusca LC resident 2000 present A3
Orange Ground-thrush Geokichla gurneyi LC resident 2000 present A3
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata LC resident 2000 present A3
Swynnerton's Robin Swynnertonia swynnertoni VU resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
White-chested Alethe Chamaetylas fuelleborni LC resident 2000 present A3
East Coast Akalat Sheppardia gunningi NT resident 2000 present A1, A3
Sharpe's Akalat Sheppardia sharpei LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Dapple-throat Arcanator orostruthus VU resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Spot-throat Modulatrix stictigula LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi NT resident 2000 present A1, A3
Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes neglectus LC resident 2000 present A3
Banded Sunbird Anthreptes rubritorques VU resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Amani Sunbird Hedydipna pallidigaster EN resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Mouse-coloured Sunbird Cyanomitra verreauxii LC resident 2000 present A3
Zanzibar Red Bishop Euplectes nigroventris LC resident 2000 present A3
Usambara Weaver Ploceus nicolli EN resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Red-faced Crimsonwing Cryptospiza reichenovii LC resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-bellied Waxbill Coccopygia quartinia LC resident 2000 present A3
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus LC resident 2000 present A3
East African Citril Crithagra hyposticta LC resident 2000 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 very high not assessed medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Sengoma Forest Reserve 1,228 protected area contained by site 1,228
Semdoe/Msige Forest Reserve 987 protected area contained by site 0
Nkombola Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0
Mtai Forest Reserve 3,250 protected area contained by site 3,250
Mnyusi Scarp Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0
Mlungui Forest Reserve 188 protected area contained by site 0
Mlinga Forest Reserve 840 protected area contained by site 0
Mgambo Forest Reserve 1,105 protected area contained by site 0
Mfumbia Forest Reserve 799 protected area contained by site 0
Manga Forest Reserve 861 protected area contained by site 861
Magoroto Forest Reserve 1,121 protected area contained by site 0
Lutinde Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0
Longuza_Kihuhwi Range Forest Plantation 582 protected area overlaps with site 0
Longuza Forest Reserve 1,534 protected area contained by site 1,534
Longuza Forest Plantation 2,458 protected area overlaps with site 0
Kwamsambia Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0
Kwamrimba Forest Reserve 975 protected area contained by site 0
Kwamkoro Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0
Kwamgumi Forest Reserve 2,263 protected area contained by site 2,263
Kilanga Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0
Kihuhwi Sigi Forest Reserve 912 protected area contained by site 912
Kihuhwi Forest Reserve 486 protected area contained by site 5
Kambai Forest Reserve 1,242 protected area contained by site 0
East Usambara UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 90,000 protected area contains site 42,413
Bombo West Forest Reserve 3,673 protected area contained by site 0
Bombo East II Forest Reserve 807 protected area contained by site 0
Bombo East I Forest Reserve 1,279 protected area contained by site 0
Bamba Ridge Forest Reserve 1,142 protected area contained by site 11
Amani-Sigi Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0
Amani West Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0
Amani East Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0
Amani Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0
Amani Nature Reserve 8,380 protected area contained by site 8,380

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: East Usambara Mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2021.