East Sanday

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC winter 2007 838 individuals B2
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 1994 135 breeding pairs C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 medium very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Charadrius hiaticula Common Ringed Plover 710 85 individuals 12 very unfavourable
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit 870 449 individuals 52 unfavourable
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone 1270 838 individuals 66 unfavourable
Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper 780 447 individuals 58 unfavourable
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern 135 26 breeding pairs 20 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) Unknown Not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Sanday Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
Sanday Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 10,977 protected area overlaps with site 1,029
Northwall Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 241 protected area overlaps with site 221
East Sanday Coast Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,508 protected area contained by site 1,515
East Sanday Coast Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
East Sanday Coast Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,615 protected area overlaps with site 996
East Sanday Coast Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 1,515 protected area overlaps with site 1,515
Central Sanday Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 633 protected area overlaps with site 655


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Machair -
Wetlands (inland) Mud flats and sand flats, Salt marshes, Sand dunes and beaches, Shingle or stony beaches -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
not utilised -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: East Sanday. Downloaded from on 14/08/2022.