East Hammar

Country/territory: Iraq

IBA criteria met: A1, A2, A4i, A4iii (2014)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 82,968 ha

Nature Iraq
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2014 not assessed very high negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site summary
Hor Al-Hammar (or Hammar Marshlands) was listed by Evans (1994) as an Important Bird Area (IBA039) meeting most of the IBA criteria (A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, and B3) and harbored very high numbers of wintering and passage waterfowl and waders as well as other birds. Historically, Hammar used to extend as a continuous water body for more than 55 km west of the Shatt Al-Arab River and south of the Euphrates. But due to the West Qurna Oilfield that was established in the middle of Hammar by draining the area and surrounding it with soil embankments, Hammar has become two separate areas: West and East Hammar

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: East Hammar. Downloaded from on 09/12/2023.