|IBA conservation status|
|Year of assessment (most recent)||State (condition)||Pressure (threat)||Response (action)|
|2014||not assessed||very high||negligible|
|For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here|
Hor Al-Hammar (or Hammar Marshlands) was listed by Evans (1994) as an Important Bird Area (IBA039) meeting most of the IBA criteria (A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, and B3) and harbored very high numbers of wintering and passage waterfowl and waders as well as other birds. Historically, Hammar used to extend as a continuous water body for more than 55 km west of the Shatt Al-Arab River and south of the Euphrates. But due to the West Qurna Oilfield that was established in the middle of Hammar by draining the area and surrounding it with soil embankments, Hammar has become two separate areas: West and East Hammar
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: East Hammar. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/east-hammar-iba-iraq on 09/12/2023.