East End Pond

Country/territory: Anguilla (to UK)

IBA Criteria met: -
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 5 ha

Site description
A rectangular shallow pond hemmed in on two sides by an asphalted main road separating the pond from East End village. The Northern shore is limestone pavement covered in dense scrub and bushes. The southern shore is bare mud and has been in-filled to form a playground for a local school. The pond has the only sizeable area of emergent vegetation and a considerable mat of pondweed, favoured by the Common Moorhen and Caribbean Coot. The pond is supplied by run-off from a large catchment, supplemented by natural springs. It is a shallow pond and at times dries out to c60% of its full extent exposing mudflats attractive to shore birds. The pond suffered major flooding during Hurricane Lenny in 1999. The pond is now a nature reserve and its open southern edge is fenced off and two covered viewing platforms have been provided. The site is regularly used by visiting bird watchers and for educational purposes by the local school.

Key biodiversity
For its size this shallow pond regularly holds a wide variety of wetland birds with over 48 species recorded. It is the only current site to hold the Caribbean Coot, suspected of breeding here in 2000 and 2001. Breeding species include the White-cheeked Pintail, Common Moorhen, Black-necked Stilts and a few pairs of Killdeer. Outside the breeding season Herons and Blue-winged Teals are regular and the Tricoloured Heron and Sora have occurred. Merlins and Peregrine Falcons hunt over the area and 6 species of land bird include the restricted range Green-throated Carib. It is thought the Lesser Antillean Bullfinch and Pearly-eyed Thrasher may also occur since they are widely dispersed over the island but records need to be confirmed. The site regularly holds small populations of the near threatened Caribbean Coot.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: East End Pond. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/02/2023.