Country/territory: Iraq

IBA criteria met: A1, B2, B3 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 2,310 ha

Nature Iraq
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2013 high not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (baseline)
A valley at 1,500-1,800 m in the eastern Taurus Mountains, running north from the village of Dori (probably now abandoned), below Jabal Shoroniya on the Turkish border. There are many springs, and open woodland of Quercus, Juniperus and Pinus trees along the valley stream, with bushes. The slopes are rocky, with grass and isolated Quercus scrub.

Key biodiversity
Other breeding species (known or assumed) include Neophron percnopterus, Dendrocopos syriacus, Parus lugubris, Sitta neumayer, Lanius nubicus and Serinus pusillus.

Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: the general area is very important for harbouring wild relatives of important cereal crop species.

2014 updates. Additional Important Bird Observations: During the surveys, 44 species were observed. Although this site does not qualify as an IBA, the following threatened species were observed: Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga (Vulnerable) on passage and Eastern Cinereous Bunting Emberiza semenowi (Near Threatened) breeding. The site also held in the breeding season four Mediterranean, one Irano-Turanian and one Eurasian Steppe and Desert biome-restricted species but these did not trigger inclusion under criterion A3 Other Important Fauna: Mammal data were collected in 2010. According to border police officers, animals in the area include: Wild Goat Capra aegagrus (Vulnerable), Striped Hyena Hyaena hyaena (Near Threatened), Brown Bear Ursus arctos, Grey Wolf Canis lupus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, and Persian Squirrel Sciurus anomalus. One near-endemic reptile Zagrosian Lizard Timon princeps kurdistanicus was observed. No fish surveys were performed at this site. Additional Plant & Habitat Information: This site contains a good population of Pistacia eurycarpa, P. khinjuk and Crataegus azarolus, which are economically and culturally important

Data-sheet compiled by Pavel Ctyroky.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Dure. Downloaded from on 08/06/2023.