Duhok Lake

Country/territory: Iraq

IBA Criteria met: A1 (2017)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 386 ha

Protection status:

Nature Iraq
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 very high not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
The lake is actually a reservoir created by an earth-fill embankment dam on the Dohuk River just north of the city of Dohuk. The dam was completed in 1988 with the primary purpose of providing water for irrigation and for the city of Dohuk. The dam is 50 m high, can hold 52 milllion m3 of water and has a maximum discharge of 81 m3. At normal operation level the reservoir is about 4 km long and 1.7 km wide. The area to be irrigated from this reservoir is about 46 km2 (Iraq & United States Army Corps of Engineers, 2003). The report also shows that there is no immediate or long-term action for Dohuk dam, except some short-term measures such as collection of data for evaluating trends and making some repairs

Key biodiversity
Additional Important Bird Observations: During the surveys, a total of 17 species were recorded. The European Roller Coracias garrulus (Near Threatened) was observed in the breeding season. Other Important Fauna: No survey was conducted for mammals or reptiles but fish data were collected in 2007 and 2008, during which eight species were reported. According to Coad’s (2010) criteria, significant species found were: Alburnus mossulensis, Carasobarbus luteus, Carassius auratus, Cyprinion macrostomum, Garra rufa, and Tor grypus. Also documented were Alburnus caeruleus and Capoeta damascina that have no economic importance but their conservation status in Iraq is unknown.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Duhok Lake. Downloaded from on 14/12/2019.