Dibbin Forest

Country/territory: Jordan

IBA criteria met: A3 (2000)
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Area: 4,700 ha

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed medium low
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Site description (1994 baseline)
The best remaining area of mature, natural Pinus halepensis forest in the country, on limestone slopes of the highest hill range in northern Jordan, between 550 and 1,000 m. Understorey of Arbutus and evergreen Quercus. Parts of the forest remain remote from habitation, although there are some pockets of agriculture. The surrounding area has oaks and olive groves as well. There is a much-used recreational area in the centre of the site, with parking spaces, barbecue sites, restaurant and playgrounds.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. A representative bird assemblage of Mediterranean pine woodland, a rare and diminishing habitat in Jordan. Other breeding species include Dendrocopos syriacus, Phylloscopus bonelli and Parus caeruleus (the only known breeding site in Jordan for the latter two species), and other species observed during the breeding season in suitable habitat include Circaetus gallicus, Accipiter nisus, Falco subbuteo and Nectarinia osea. Lullula arborea winters in small numbers. Large numbers of migrating raptors have been reported in spring, but no details are known.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Sciurus anomalus (relict population). Flora: rare/endemic plants include Verbascum transjordanicum, Orchis collina, Biarum eximum and Globularia arabica; in addition, Cupressus sempervirens, Tulipa agensis and Cyclamen persicum are experiencing cutting or collecting pressure.

Data-sheet compiled by Ian J. Andrews.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Dibbin Forest. Downloaded from on 28/09/2023.