Diawling National Park

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2019

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-faced Whistling-duck Dendrocygna viduata LC non-breeding 2014-2017 20,039-36,323 individuals A4, B3a
Fulvous Whistling-duck Dendrocygna bicolor LC non-breeding 2014-2017 10,283-22,888 individuals A4, B3a
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca LC non-breeding 2014-2017 868-979 individuals B3a
Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis LC non-breeding 2014-2017 1,185-1,669 individuals B3a
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris VU non-breeding 2014-2017 55-108 individuals A1, B3a
Garganey Spatula querquedula LC winter 2014-2017 25,672-67,527 individuals A4, B3a
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC winter 2014-2017 9,798-18,931 individuals B3a
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding 2014-2017 2,251-3,017 individuals B3a
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT non-breeding 2014-2017 1,776-4,801 individuals B1a, B3a
Black Crowned Crane Balearica pavonina VU non-breeding 2014-2017 82-166 individuals A1, B3a
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs NT resident 2001 present A3
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC winter 2014-2017 12-24 individuals B3a
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC winter 2014-2017 966-1,662 individuals A4, B3a
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus LC winter 2014-2017 332-619 individuals B3a
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC non-breeding 2014-2017 176-262 individuals B3a
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC non-breeding 2014-2017 1,130-1,526 individuals B3a
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC non-breeding 2014-2017 6,318-10,122 individuals A4, B3a
Long-tailed Cormorant Microcarbo africanus LC winter 2014-2017 962-2,462 individuals B3a
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC non-breeding 2014-2017 4,802-7,181 individuals B3a
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica NT winter 2014-2017 48-168 individuals B1a
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 2014-2017 550-941 individuals B1a
Red Knot Calidris canutus NT winter 2014-2017 70-129 individuals B1a
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea NT winter 2014-2017 166-299 individuals B1a
Little Stint Calidris minuta LC winter 2014-2017 1,271-3,398 individuals B3a
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC winter 2014-2017 1,064-2,439 individuals B3a
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei LC non-breeding 2014-2017 365-729 individuals B3a
Common Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica LC winter 2014-2017 248-496 individuals B3a
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia LC non-breeding 2014-2017 707-995 individuals B3a
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher LC resident 2001 present A3
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe LC resident 2001 present A3
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus LC resident 2001 present A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding 2014-2017 101,244-150,798 individuals B3b

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2001 high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Parc National du Diawling Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 15,600 protected area contains site 15,600
Diawling National Park 13,000 protected area contained by site 13,000


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Wetlands (inland) -
Shrubland -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Grassland -
Forest -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
other -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Land ownership

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Diawling National Park. Downloaded from on 01/12/2022.