|Most recent IBA monitoring assessment|
|Year of assessment||Threat score (pressure)||Condition score (state)||Action score (response)|
|2014||very high||not assessed||negligible|
|For more information about IBA monitoring please click here|
Darbandikhan is a large freshwater reservoir created by the Darbandikhan Dam that is fed by two main rivers, the Tanjero in the north and the Sirwan in the east, and covers (depending on the time of year) approximately 7,500 ha (Evans, 1994) who listed Darbandikhan, along with Dukan and Bakhma, as an Important Bird Area
Additional Important Bird Observatons: During the surveys, 56 species were recorded. In addition to those in the table the site also held breeding populations of three Irano-Turanian, one Mediterranean and one Sahara-Sindian Desert biome-restricted species but these did not trigger inclusion under criterion A3. European Roller Coracias garrulous, a Near Threatened species was also recorded. Other Important Fauna: Mammal surveys were conducted in 2007 and 2010. In addition to those listed in the table, important species present at the site include the Near Threatened Eurasian otter Lutra lutra, Golden Jackal Canis aureus and one local fisherman reported seeing a Eurasian Lynx Lynx lynx in 2006. No significant reptiles or amphibians were observed on the survey. Fish: Data were collected in 2007 and 2008, when 26 species were observed. Significant species according to Coad (2010) were: Acanthobrama marmid, Alburnus mossulensis, Leuciscus vorax, Luciobarbus subquincunciatus, Carassius auratus, Cyprinus carpio, Cyprinion macrostomum, Cyprinion kais, Hypophthalmichthys nobilis, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Heteropneustes fossilis, Luciobarbus esocinus, L. xanthopterus, Silurus triostegus, and Tor grypus. Six species whose conservation status is unknown in Iraq were also found: Alburnus caeruleus, Capoeta barroisi, Capoeta damascina, Chondrostoma regium, Mastacembelus mastacembelus, and Squalius lepidus. Additional Plant & Habitat Information: This site contains a good population of pistachio Pistacia eurycarpa, an economically and culturally important species. In addition, some species important present that are used for traditional foods including Gundelia tournefortii, Arum conophalloides, and Anchusa italica. Also, species important as genetic resources included Triticum aestivum, Hordeum vulgare ssp. spontaneum, Hordeum bulbosum and Lens culinaris.
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Darbandikhan Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/09/2019.