Danapur cantonment area

Country/territory: India

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4i (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 400 ha

Protection status:

Bombay Natural History Society
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2003 low not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Danapur Cantonment is under the jurisdiction of the Indian army so it is protected from general human disturbance. Danapur is located about 6 km from the course of the River Ganga. It is proposed as Sainik Pakshi Vihar meaning Army Bird Area. It is considered as an IBA because more than 10,000 Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans breed here. The birds rest and nest in the Army campus, their residential colonies and official establishments. In the adjacent land, there are some waterlogged areas which are cultivated. Birds use these areas as feeding ground. Important trees found at the site are Mangifera indica, Ficus religiosa, F. bengalensis, F. glomerata, Acacia nilotica, Syzygium cumini, Tamarindus indica, Acanthocephalus indicus and Dalbergia sissoo.

Key biodiversity

AVIFAUNA: The area is a permanent nesting site for over 11,000 Asian Openbill. The nesting colony is not shared with other bird species, as in other sites. The South Asian breeding population of the Asian Openbill is calculated as >125,000 (Wetlands International 2002) and the 1% threshold is 1,250, which means that at this IBA site, nearly 9% of the breeding population of the Asian Openbill is found. The globally threatened Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni is also reported from the area (Arvind Mishra pers. comm. 2003). Other birds seen are cormorants, egrets, bulbuls, owls, and raptors. Though the birds are nesting in increasing numbers here, tree felling has restricted them to around 11,000.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: No large mammal of any significance is found in the area.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Danapur cantonment area. Downloaded from on 30/09/2020.