The Cumberland Forest Reserve encompasses three main forest types (Rainforest, Montane and plantation forest) in its higher elevations, and two (Secondary and Coastal Scrub forest) in the lower regions. The Reserve contains portions of the last remaining stand of primary forests in SVG (C. Richards, pers. comm.).
This Reserve is very rich in bird life with over thirty-one (31) species of birds recorded (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004). The diversity of habitat allows for all thirteen (13) of the island’s RRS and two (2) Globally-threatened species to be represented. Other regionally-endemic species (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004) including Short-tailed Swift and Scaly-naped Pigeon exist. The Reserve is a stronghold for the St. Vincent Parrot, which numbers around 175 individuals (Forestry Department, 2004) and may be observed foraging within valleys and near farmlands. Parrots also move between mountain peaks surrounding those valleys.
Non-bird biodiversity: Species of endemic flora include B. rotundifolia, P. cuneata and P. vincentiana, E. vincentinum and C. tenera . The endemic E. shrevei and C. vincenti , and endemic sub-species M. bruesi also reside in the Reserve. A. griseus and A. trinitatus are also present. A. griseus appears most common near coastal areas.
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cumberland Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/09/2019.