Cuc Phuong

Country/territory: Vietnam

IBA criteria met: A1, A2, A3 (2002)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 22,200 ha

BirdLife International in Vietnam
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2008 favourable low high
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2002 baseline)
This IBA comprises Cuc Phuong National Park, the first protected area to be established in Vietnam. Cuc Phuong National Park lies at the south-eastern end of a limestone range that runs north-west to Son La province. The section of the limestone range encompassed by the national park is around 10 km wide and 25 km long, and has a central valley running along almost the entire length. The vegetation of the national park is dominated by limestone forest. Cuc Phoung National Park is considered to be one of seven globally significant Centres of Plant Diversity in Vietnam.

Key biodiversity
Cuc Phuong National Park is situated at the northern end of the Annamese Lowlands Endemic Bird Area (EBA). However, none of the restricted-range bird species restricted to this EBA have yet been recorded at the site.

Non-bird biodiversity: Cuc Phoung supports populations of several mammal species of conservation importance, including the globally critically endangered endemic primate Delacour's Leaf Monkey Semnopithecus francoisi delacouri and the globally vulnerable Owston's Banded Civet Hemilagus owstoni. In addition, the nationally threatened Leopard Panthera pardus has been recently recorded at the national park. However, several large mammal species, including Tiger Panthera tigris, Sambar Cervus unicolor and White-cheeked Crested Gibbon Nomascus leucogenys are believed to have become extinct at Cuc Phuong in recent times, mainly due to high hunting pressure and the relatively small size of the national park.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Cuc Phuong. Downloaded from on 23/02/2024.