Cortados del Jarama

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2011 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio LC resident 2002 min 8 breeding pairs C6
Great Bustard Otis tarda VU resident 2009 55-70 individuals A1, C1, C6
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC resident 2009 460 breeding pairs B1i, C2, C6
Common Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus LC breeding 2009 35-40 breeding pairs C6
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC breeding 2009 30-60 breeding pairs C6
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis LC breeding 2009 8,000-10,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C3
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea LC breeding 2009 55-60 breeding pairs B1i, C2, C6
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC passage 2011 max 500 individuals C6
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 2011 20-200 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo LC resident 2009 33-36 breeding pairs C2, C6
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus LC resident 2009 18 breeding pairs C6
Red Kite Milvus milvus LC winter 2009 30-40 individuals A1, C1
Black Kite Milvus migrans LC breeding 2009 160 breeding pairs C6
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC breeding 2009 50-57 breeding pairs C6
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC resident 2008 8 breeding pairs C6
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax LC resident 2009 50-60 breeding pairs C2, C6

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2011).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Vegas; cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 51,009 protected area overlaps with site 23,586
Sureste Regional Park 31,550 protected area contains site 25,000
Laguna de San Juan Refugio de Fauna 47 protected area overlaps with site 0
Ejes de los Cursos Bajos de los Ríos Manzanares y Jarama Parque Regional 31,550 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cuencas de los ríos Jarama y Henares Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 36,063 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Cortados y cantiles de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 27,983 protected area overlaps with site 22,178
Carrizales y sotos del Jarama y Tajo Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,689 protected area is adjacent to site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest, Broadleaved evergreen woodland, Treeline ecotone -
Shrubland Scrub, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Water fringe vegetation -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inland cliffs -
Artificial/Terrestrial Highly improved re-seeded landscapes, Arable land, Perennial crops, orchards and groves, Forestry plantations, Other urban and industrial areas, Ruderal land -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
military -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Cortados del Jarama. Downloaded from on 05/12/2023.