Cork Harbour

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2009 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Little Egret Egretta garzetta LC winter 2003-2007 83-166 individuals C6
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 2002-2006 1,428-3,337 individuals B1i, C3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2002-2006 26,923-31,175 individuals A4iii, C4

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2009).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Great Island Channel SAC Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,443 protected area overlaps with site 1,930
Douglas Estuary Wildfowl Sanctuary 0 unknown 0
Cork Harbour SPA Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 2,660 protected area overlaps with site 2,182
Cork Harbour Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 1,436 protected area overlaps with site 1,436


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest -
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Artificial/Terrestrial Other urban and industrial areas -
Marine Neritic -
Marine Intertidal -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
agriculture -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Cork Harbour. Downloaded from on 24/09/2023.