Coquet Island

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii LC breeding 2007 75 nests A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 2007 1,226 nests C6
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea LC breeding 2007 1,247 nests C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 2007 1,223 nests A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica VU breeding 2001 17,208 breeding pairs B1ii, B2, C3
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 1999-2001 17,254 breeding pairs A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 low near favourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern 36 75 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Sterna hirundo Common Tern 765 1226 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern 710 1247 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern 1726 1223 breeding pairs 71 near favourable
Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin 12700 17208 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Species group - seabirds A4iii 12759 17254 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Northumberland Marine Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 88,498 protected area overlaps with site 0
North Northumberland Heritage Coast 28,929 protected area contains site 0
Coquet to St. Mary's Marine Conservation Zone 19,188 protected area overlaps with site 0
Coquet Island Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 20 is identical to site 20
Coquet Island RSPB Reserve 22 is identical to site 20
Coquet Island Nature Reserve 8 protected area overlaps with site 0
Coquet Island Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 20 protected area overlaps with site 20


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores, Rock stacks and islets -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Coquet Island. Downloaded from on 02/12/2020.