Chuyanshan Nature Reserve

Country/territory: Taiwan, China

IBA criteria met: A2, A3 (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 6,248 ha

Site description (baseline)
Extent of this site: under the administration of Taiwan Forestry Bureau and sits within Taoyuan and Maolin Village, Kaohsiung County. The elevations range from 700 to 2,772m. The Malishan and Wanshan Rivers pass through the area. Both consist important water systems of the Laonung River’s upstream section. In addition to Chuyanshan (at 2772 m) which sits on the Central Mountain Range, other important peaks include Shechihlai Mt. (1863 m), Hsinchi Mt. (1557 m) and Donglai Mt. (1845 m).

Key biodiversity
IBA A2 criterion species: 13 endemic species are commonly seen here: including Mikado Pheasant, White-throated Hill Partridge, Swinhoe’s Pheasant, White-eared Sibia, Steere’s Liocichla, Formosan Yuhina, Formosan Blue Magpie, Taiwan Firecrest, Formosan Barwing, Formosan Yellow Tit, Collared Bush Robin, Formosan Whistling Thrush, and Formosan Laughing Thrush. • From previous investigations and the literature, 89 species have been recorded at this site. This is an important habitat for the endangered raptors Hodgson’s Hawk Eagle and Indian Black Eagle. According to research by Chou (1991), scrub and forest birds are dominant species at this site, and in winter there are several high-elevation species which move downward to this area.

Non-bird biodiversity: • This site is protected under the Cultural Heritage Conservation Law and registering to enter the area is not easy, so the disturbance by people is not great. The site holds extremely abundant wildlife resources, including the Formosan Macaque Macaca cyclopsis, Formosan Gem-faced Civet Paguma larvata taivana, Formosan Wild Boar Sus scrofa taivanus, and Formosan Sambar Cervus unicolor swinhoei (see related References for more information).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Chuyanshan Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 02/06/2023.