Central Marshes

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2014

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris VU winter 2005-2010 1,800-12,000 individuals A1, A4i
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris VU resident 2005-2010 100-150 breeding pairs A1, A4i
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus LC resident 2005-2010 10 breeding pairs A3
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius LC breeding 2005-2010 10 breeding pairs A3
White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus LC resident 2005-2010 50 breeding pairs A3
Basra Reed-warbler Acrocephalus griseldis EN breeding 2005-2010 2,000 breeding pairs A1, A2, A3
White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis LC resident 2005-2010 10 breeding pairs A3
Iraq Babbler Argya altirostris LC resident 2005-2010 1,000 breeding pairs A2, A3
Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus LC breeding 2006-2007 20 breeding pairs A3
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus LC resident 2005-2010 2,000 breeding pairs A3, A4ii
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2005-2010 max 74,000 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 very high not assessed negligible
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 211,544 protected area overlaps with site 0
Central Marshes National Park 141,615 protected area overlaps with site 95,000
Central Marshes Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 219,700 protected area overlaps with site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
fisheries/aquaculture -
hunting -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Central Marshes. Downloaded from on 14/08/2022.