Caucasus Biosphere Reserve

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2009

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Caucasian Snowcock Tetraogallus caucasicus LC resident 1984-1995 600 individuals A2, A3, B3
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius LC resident 1984 50 breeding pairs B3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 low favourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Crex crex Corncrake 300 300 males 100 favourable
Gypaetus barbatus Bearded Vulture 8 8 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture 2 1 breeding pairs 50 not assessed
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle 4 4 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Sitta krueperi Krueper's Nuthatch 2000 2000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Tichodroma muraria Wallcreeper 30 20 breeding pairs 67 not assessed
Carpodacus rubicilla Great Rosefinch 20 20 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management planning has taken place Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Western Caucasus World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 301,068 protected area overlaps with site 280,338
Turinyi Zakaznik 3,900 protected area overlaps with site 0
Sochinsky Zakaznik (Federal) 48,450 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Sochinsky National Park 193,737 protected area overlaps with site 0
Psebaiskiy Zakaznik 37,400 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Kavkazsky Zapovednik 280,335 protected area overlaps with site 280,335
Kavkazskiy UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 295,700 protected area overlaps with site 263,277
Damkhurts Zakaznik 30,000 protected area overlaps with site 0
Dahovskiy Zakaznik 23,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Scree & boulders -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Caucasus Biosphere Reserve. Downloaded from on 28/11/2022.