Carpathian Biosphere Reserve

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Grey-faced Woodpecker Picus canus LC breeding 1996 90 breeding pairs B2
Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus LC breeding 1996 85 breeding pairs B2
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius LC breeding 1996 13 breeding pairs B3
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus LC breeding 1996 260 breeding pairs B3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 29,279 protected area overlaps with site 0
Karpatskiy National Biosphere Zapovednik 57,880 protected area overlaps with site 0
Carpathian UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 57,800 protected area overlaps with site 12,507


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland, Mixed woodland -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation, Fens, transition mires and springs -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. Downloaded from on 24/02/2024.