IL007
Carmel coast


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris NT winter 1991 10 individuals B2
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC passage 1991 500-50,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC passage 1991 155-200 individuals A4i, B1i
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris LC winter 1991 10 individuals B2
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC resident 1991 100-250 breeding pairs B1i
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC winter 1991 100-300 individuals B1i
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC passage 1991 100-150 individuals B1i
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis LC resident 1991 500-700 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea LC passage 1991 200-1,000 individuals B1i
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea LC winter 1991 700-1,000 individuals B1i
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC winter 1991 100-300 individuals B1i
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC passage 1991 25,000-30,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC passage 1991 300-400 individuals B1i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC winter 1991 300 individuals B1i
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 1991 200-300 individuals B1i
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni NT passage 1991 20 individuals B2
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus LC passage 1991 10,000 individuals B1i
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus LC winter 1991 20,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans LC passage 1991 8,000-10,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans LC winter 1991 15,000-17,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 1991 240-250 breeding pairs B1i
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC passage 1991 1,000-2,500 individuals A4i, B1i
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus LC passage 1991 1,000-3,500 individuals B1i
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 1991 25,500-80,000 individuals A4iv, B1iv

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - industrial aquaculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Yam Dor Ha Bonim Marine Nature Reserve 530 protected area overlaps with site 0
Tanimin River Specially Protected Area of Marine Importance (Barcelona Convention) 6 protected area contained by site 6
Nahal Hatanninim Nature Reserve 22 protected area overlaps with site 6
Ma'agan Michael Specially Protected Area of Marine Importance (Barcelona Convention) 2 protected area contained by site 2
Iyye Hof Dor U-Ma'agan Mikha'el Nature Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2
Hurvat Qarta Nature Reserve 15 protected area overlaps with site 0
Hotem Ha-Karmel (harhava) Nature Reserve 59 protected area overlaps with site 0
Horbat Darkemon Nature Reserve 28 protected area overlaps with site 0
Hof Dor HaBonim Nature Reserve 42 protected area contained by site 42
Hof Atlit Nature Reserve 43 protected area contained by site 43
Dor-Habonim Specially Protected Area of Marine Importance (Barcelona Convention) 113 protected area contained by site 113
Berekhat Timsah Nature Reserve 2 protected area overlaps with site 2
Atlit Nature Reserve 15 protected area contained by site 15

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Neritic -
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
agriculture -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Carmel coast. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/carmel-coast-iba-israel on 04/03/2024.