Cape Wrath

IBA Justification

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population at site IBA criteria triggered
Razorbill Alca torda LC breeding 2000 3,798 individuals B3
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 2000 36,948 breeding pairs A4iii, C4
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a breeding 2000 12,243 breeding pairs A4iii, C4

Note: The current IUCN Red List category may differ from the category that was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment.

For more information about the IBA criteria, please click here

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation status - summary
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2007 low favourable medium
Was the whole site assessed? yes Condition (state) assessed by population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of the site (state), by species
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Alca torda Razorbill 1985 3798 individuals 100 favourable
Species group - seabirds A4iii 17095 36948 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 10759 12243 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at the site (response)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Cape Wrath Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,010 protected area overlaps with site 1,014
Cape Wrath Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 6,734 protected area contains site 1,014
Cape Wrath Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cape Wrath Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,010 is identical to site 1,014


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Heathland -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
For further information about the IUCN habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military -
agriculture -
hunting -
For further information about the land-use classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Cape Wrath. Downloaded from on 09/06/2023.