Camino de Cruces National Park

Country/territory: Panama

IBA Criteria met: A4iv (2007)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 4,000 ha

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá

Site description
Camino de Cruces National Park includes part of the former U.S.-administered Canal Zone east of the canal, between Panama City and Metropolitan Nature Park in the south and Soberanía National Park in the north. The terrain is broken, with the high point (269 m) near the northern boundary. The Gaillard and Northern Corridor highways run along the western and eastern sides respectively of the park. An access highway for the Centennial Bridge has recently been constructed accross the park. The park contains part of the historic Spanish colonial Camino de Cruces Trail and the ruins of Cárdenas Chapel.

Key biodiversity
Camino de Cruces is an important bottleneck site for migratory raptors. In 2004 a total of 350,766 Turkey Vultures, 236,445 Broad-winged Hawks, and 241,062 Swainson's Hawks were counted on autumn migration. Many of these probably used the area as an overnight roost. Several nationally threatened species occur, as well as the endemic Yellow-green Tyrannulet of the Darién Lowlands EBA.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals that are known or probably occur include Central American Wooly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Geoffroy’s Tamarin, Western Night Mon-key, Panamanian Spiny Pocket-Mouse, Capybara, Olingo, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Margay, and Jaguarundi. The reptiles and amphibians have not been surveyed in detail but many of the species found in Soberanía National Park probably occur. The snake Trimetopon barbouri has been recorded.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Camino de Cruces National Park. Downloaded from on 09/08/2022.