Year of compilation: 2000

Site description (baseline)
The largest wetland area in France, comprising a large delta with beaches, sand-dunes, islands, saltwater lagoons, marshes, and slow-flowing rivers; woodlands, grasslands and agricultural land.

Key biodiversity
This is one of the most important sites for birds in France, regularly holding more than 20,000 waterbirds breeding, on passage and in winter. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet criteria: Falco naumanni (passage).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The area is threatened by the development of rice fields with associated modifications of water-levels, tourist development, the use of toxic chemicals in agriculture and air pollution from the chemical plants in Fos-sur-Mer.

Protected areas
National Partial International High13,117 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (La Camargue, 13,117 ha). 3,481 ha of IBA covered by Private Reserve (Tour du Valat, 3,481). 16,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Camargue, 16,000 ha). 76,500 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Camargue, 85,000 ha). 13,117 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (13,117 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Camargue. Downloaded from on 04/06/2023.