UK225
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC resident 1995 200 breeding pairs B1i, C3
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata LC breeding 1995 155 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Arctic Loon Gavia arctica LC breeding 2001-2005 28 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria LC breeding 1995 2,410 breeding pairs B3, C2, C6
Dunlin Calidris alpina LC breeding 1995 1,970 breeding pairs B1i, C3
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola LC breeding 1995 6 breeding pairs C6
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus LC breeding 1995 35 breeding pairs B2, C6
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident 2003 6 breeding pairs B2
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus LC resident 1995 54 breeding pairs B2, C6
Merlin Falco columbarius LC breeding 1995 49 breeding pairs C6
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC resident 1995 9 breeding pairs C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 medium favourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Gavia arctica Arctic Loon 31 28 breeding pairs 91 favourable
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle 4 6 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
West Strathnaver Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2,711 protected area overlaps with site 0
West Halladale Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 8,550 protected area contained by site 8,720
West Borgie Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2,199 protected area overlaps with site 0
Truderscaig Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,072 protected area overlaps with site 0
Syre Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3,169 protected area contained by site 0
Stroupster Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2,788 protected area overlaps with site 0
Strathy Bogs Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,251 protected area overlaps with site 0
Strathmore Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 7,250 protected area overlaps with site 7,295
Strath Duchally Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,615 protected area overlaps with site 0
Strath an Loin Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2,343 protected area overlaps with site 0
Sletill Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2,165 protected area overlaps with site 0
Skinsdale Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 7,047 protected area contained by site 0
Skelpick Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2,046 protected area overlaps with site 0
Shielton Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 5,491 protected area overlaps with site 0
Rumsdale Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 6,158 protected area contained by site 0
River Thurso Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 348 protected area overlaps with site 0
River Naver Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,044 protected area is adjacent to site 0
River Borgie Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 34 protected area overlaps with site 0
River Borgie Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 34 protected area overlaps with site 0
Oliclett Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 754 protected area overlaps with site 0
Munsary Peatlands Nature Reserve 1,238 protected area contained by site 0
Moss of Killimster Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 184 protected area overlaps with site 0
Morven and Scaraben Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3,389 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Mallart Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 561 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lon A' Chuil Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3,719 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lochan Buidhe Mires Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 4,123 protected area overlaps with site 0
Loch Meadie Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 6,215 protected area contained by site 0
Loch Caluim Flows Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 6,225 protected area contained by site 0
Leavad Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 71 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lambsdale Leans Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 89 protected area overlaps with site 0
Kyle of Tongue National Scenic Area 24,488 protected area overlaps with site 0
Knockfin Heights Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 5,175 protected area overlaps with site 0
Grudie Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 4,779 protected area overlaps with site 0
Forsinard Flows Nature Reserve 19,856 protected area overlaps with site 0
Forsinard Flows National Nature Reserve 15,381 protected area overlaps with site 0
Forsinard Bogs Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 949 protected area overlaps with site 0
Forsinard RSPB Reserve 12,704 protected area overlaps with site 9,405
East Halladale Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 8,237 protected area overlaps with site 8,271
Dunbeath Peatlands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 6,438 protected area contained by site 0
Druim nam Bad Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3,126 protected area overlaps with site 0
Druim na Coibe Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,142 protected area overlaps with site 0
Dirlot Gorge Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 6 protected area overlaps with site 0
Coire na Beinne Mires Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3,515 protected area contained by site 0
Coir' An Eoin Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2,554 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cnoc an Alaskie Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3,663 protected area overlaps with site 0
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 145,313 is identical to site 144,701
Caithness And Sutherland Peatlands Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 143,561 is identical to site 143,583
Caithness & Sutherland Peatlands Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 143,503 protected area overlaps with site 143,539
Blar nam Faoileag Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2,882 protected area contained by site 0
Berriedale And Langwell Waters Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 58 protected area overlaps with site 0
Ben Loyal Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 4,339 protected area contained by site 0
Ben Klibreck Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 8,738 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Ben Hutig Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2,695 protected area overlaps with site 0
Ben Hope Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3,028 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Ben Griams Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 7,533 protected area overlaps with site 0
Badanloch Bogs Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 391 protected area overlaps with site 0
Bad na Gallaig Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 4,719 protected area contained by site 0
Armadale Gorge Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 80 protected area overlaps with site 0
A' Mhoine Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 5,995 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub, Heathland -
Grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs, Water fringe vegetation, Fens, transition mires and springs -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
other -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2020.