Bulusan Volcano Natural Park

Country/territory: Philippines

IBA Criteria met: A1, A2 (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 3,673 ha

Protection status:

Haribon Foundation

Site description
Bulusan Volcano National Park is near the tip of the Camarines (Bicol) Peninsula, at the south-eastern extreme of Luzon Island. There are three main peaks within the park, the active Bulusan Volcano, the highest of the three, which is characterized by numerous deep ravines and caves, and Sharp Peak and Mt Jormahan. The center of the mountain complex forms an undrained area known as the Aguingay Lake, which dries up during summer. Another lake in the Park, Lake Bulusan, is a famous tourist destination. This region lies within the typhoon belt and is subject to severe storms between September and November. A substantial area of forest remains in the park, including both montane forest around the peak, and lowland forest on the slopes. Other habitats include secondary grassland, freshwater lakes and pools, small settlements and rural gardens, abandoned farmland and disturbed ground. The park supports the needs of the nearby communities through its forest products, watershed and recreational values. Local communities utilize the lower slopes as agricultural land. It is the source of water for several communities and for the irrigation of surrounding agricultural land, and it provides natural protection from calamities such as typhoons and flashfloods.

Key biodiversity
Many of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Luzon Endemic Bird Area have been recorded on or near to Mt Bulusan, and the relatively extensive forests which are reported to remain there are likely to support important populations of some of these species.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals that have been recorded on Mt Bulusan include the heavily hunted Philippine Brown Deer Cervus mariannus, Philippine Warty Pig Sus philippensis and the threatened southern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat Phloeomys cumingi. Some of the other threatened endemics that occur on Mt Isarog possible also occur. Endemic herpetofauna recorded in this IBA include the Rough-backed Forest Frog Platymantis corrugatus, Common Forest Frog Platymantis dorsalis, Yellow-striped Slender Tree Skink Lipinia pulchella, Jagor’s Sphenomorphus Sphenomorphus jagori and the threatened Sailfin Water Lizard Hydrosaurus pustulatus.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bulusan Volcano Natural Park. Downloaded from on 26/10/2020.