Bukit Tigapuluh

Year of compilation: 2003

Site description
There are some of encroachments, wildlife captures and illegal logging.

Key biodiversity
Danielsen & Heegard (1995) identified 193 forest bird species in this area including White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata, Black Partridge Melanoperdix nigra, Crestless Fireback Lophura erythropthalma, Crested Fireback Lophura ignita, Large Frogmouth Batrachostomus auritus, Large Wren-Babbler Napothera macrodactyla etc. and also significant taxa or endemic such as Banded Pitta Pitta guajana, Garnet Pitta Pitta granatina, Chestnut-capped Thrush Zoothera interpres, Trichostoma buettikoferi, Grey-breasted Babbler Malacopteron albogulare, Striped Wren-babbler Kenopia striata, and White-bellied Munia Lonchura leucogastra.There is no rectricted-range bird species identified in this area, although Trichastoma buettikoferi could be categorized as rectricted-range bird species (Andrew 1992), and the area could be qualified as secondary area for endemic bird area.

Non-bird biodiversity: Panthera tigris, Tapirus indicus, Presbytis melalophos and Hylobates syndactylus, Balionycteris maculata, Megaerops wetmorei, Morina cyclotis, Aonyx cinerea, Elephas maximus, Neofelis nebulosa, fish species: Notochelys platynota, Scleropagus formosus, reptile species: Crocodylus porosus, Heosemys spinosa, Tomistoma schlegelii. And formerly recorded Cuon alpinus, Dicerorhinus sumatraensis . A new recorded flora species is Rafflesia hasseltii (Danielsen & Schumacher 1997, Colijn 1999).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Buffer zone of this National Park is under logging concession, large area were alocated for oil palm plantation. There are more than 30 sawmills arround this area, which indicates that the swamill get the log supply from this area (Anon 1998, Danielsen & Schumacher 1997, Colijn 1999).

Protected areas
Declared as Bukit Tigapuluh National Park (127968 ha) based on SK Menhut No. 539/Kpts-II/95 on 15 October 1995 (Anon 1998).

Habitat and land use
Lowland evergreen forest, secondary forest, rubber plantation, and shifting agriculture area.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bukit Tigapuluh. Downloaded from on 18/05/2022.