Year of compilation: 2001

Site description
Situated 60 km south of the town of Sidi Bouzid, Bouhedma National Park represents an ecosystem unique in Tunisia. The vegetation of the park is woodland in which Acacia raddiana occurs in association with Periploca laevigata and Rhus tripartitum. The main peak within the park, Djebel Bouhedma, which reaches 840 m, supports a vegetation dominated by Olea europaea, Juniperus phoenicea and Pistacia atlantica. On the surrounding plains Arthrophytum scoparium and A. schmittiamum are conspicuous elements.

Key biodiversity
See Box and Table 2 for key species. This is one of only two IBAs in Tunisia at which Ramphocoris clotbey occurs. In addition, Aquila chrysaetos and Falco biarmicus erlangeri breed in the park. There is a population of Struthio camelus, reintroduced in the 1980s, as was Numida meleagris.

Non-bird biodiversity: The mammals Ammotragus lervia (VU) and Gazella dorcas (VU) have been recorded. There are reintroduced populations of Oryx dammah (EW) and Addax nasomaculatus (EN).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The site was declared a National Park in 1980; it is also a Biosphere Reserve. Threats to areas surrounding the park including overgrazing, wood-cutting and poaching.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bouhedma. Downloaded from on 10/08/2022.