Bolkar Mountains This is an IBA in Danger! 

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2016 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Caspian Snowcock Tetraogallus caspius LC resident 1998 30-50 breeding pairs A3, B2
Brown Fish-owl Ketupa zeylonensis LC resident 2015 2-3 breeding pairs B2
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus NT resident 1998 5-10 breeding pairs B2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN breeding 2016 30-40 breeding pairs A1
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC resident 1998 15-30 breeding pairs B2
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident - 10-20 breeding pairs B2
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus LC resident - 2-5 breeding pairs B2
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus LC breeding - abundant A3
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus LC resident 1998 present A3
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum LC breeding - unknown A3
Sardinian Warbler Curruca melanocephala LC breeding - unknown A3
Rüppell's Warbler Curruca ruppeli LC breeding - unknown A3
Krueper's Nuthatch Sitta krueperi LC breeding - abundant A3
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria LC resident 1998 present A3
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica LC breeding - unknown A3
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris LC resident 1998 present A3
Radde's Accentor Prunella ocularis LC breeding 1998 10 breeding pairs B3
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis LC resident 1998 present A3
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia LC breeding - unknown A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2016).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2016 very unfavourable very high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat medium

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Wetlands (inland) Montane bogs, swamps and mires 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Mersin Tarsus Kadincik Vadisi YHGS Wildlife Development Area 8,712 protected area contained by site 8,712
Mersin Tarsus Hopur Topasir YHGS Wildlife Development Area 5,984 protected area contained by site 5,984
Mersin Camliyayla Cehennemderesi YHGS Wildlife Development Area 27,385 protected area contained by site 27,385
Karagol ve Cinili Gol UOSA Wetland of National Importance 0 unknown 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland -
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland, Native coniferous woodland, Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Mixed woodland, Alluvial and very wet forest, Wooded steppe -
Shrubland Scrub, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams, Fens, transition mires and springs -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Bolkar Mountains. Downloaded from on 21/09/2023.