Bolkar Mountains This is an IBA in danger! 

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2016

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Caspian Snowcock Tetraogallus caspius LC resident 1998 30-50 breeding pairs A3, B2
Brown Fish-owl Ketupa zeylonensis LC resident 2015 2-3 breeding pairs B2
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus NT resident 1998 5-10 breeding pairs B2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN breeding 2016 30-40 breeding pairs A1
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC resident 1998 15-30 breeding pairs B2
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident - 10-20 breeding pairs B2
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus LC resident - 2-5 breeding pairs B2
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus LC breeding - abundant A3
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus LC resident 1998 present A3
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum LC breeding - unknown A3
Sardinian Warbler Curruca melanocephala LC breeding - unknown A3
Rüppell's Warbler Curruca ruppeli LC breeding - unknown A3
Krueper's Nuthatch Sitta krueperi LC breeding - abundant A3
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria LC resident 1998 present A3
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica LC breeding - unknown A3
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris LC resident 1998 present A3
Radde's Accentor Prunella ocularis LC breeding 1998 10 breeding pairs B3
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis LC resident 1998 present A3
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia LC breeding - unknown A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 very high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) Montane bogs, swamps and mires 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Mersin Tarsus Kadincik Vadisi YHGS Wildlife Development Area 8,712 protected area contained by site 8,712
Mersin Tarsus Hopur Topasir YHGS Wildlife Development Area 5,984 protected area contained by site 5,984
Mersin Camliyayla Cehennemderesi YHGS Wildlife Development Area 27,385 protected area contained by site 27,385
Karagol ve Cinili Gol UOSA Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 0 unknown 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - secondary, Alpine and subalpine grassland -
Forest Mediterranean forest - broadleaved evergreen, Mediterranean forest - native coniferous, Mediterranean forest - broadleaved deciduous, Montane forest - mixed, Riverine forest (temperate/boreal), Wooded steppe -
Shrubland Shrubland - Mediterranean montane, Shrubland - maquis & garrigue -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams, Montane bogs, swamps and mires -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bolkar Mountains. Downloaded from on 16/08/2022.