Blackstrap Coulee

Country/territory: Canada

IBA Criteria met: A4i (2008)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 7,600 ha

Birds Canada / Nature Canada

Site description
Blackstrap Coulee is close to the town of Dundurn, and about 50 km south of Saskatoon in Saskatchewan. The coulee, which was carved by an ice age river, features a man-made, steep-sided reservoir (Blackstrap Lake), a large shallow-banked, marshy lake (Indi Lake) and wooded valley slopes. It is about 25 km long by one km wide, and also contains a channel connecting the two lakes. Two dams hold back canal water to form Blackstrap Lake, making it much less marshy than Indi Lake. Before the dams were built, the bottom of Blackstrap Coulee was farmed. The west valley slopes are covered by a mixed grass prairie with wooded draws while the east slope contains extensive aspen and shrub woods. Blackstrap Lake contains a provincial park, a ski hill, a summer camp and two townsites, Thode and Shields, each with 20 or so year-round residences on the waters edge.

Key biodiversity
Spring through fall, the lakes and marshes that run through Blackstrap Coulee support a variety of waterbirds. Most impressive are the 10,000 non-breeding or post-breeding Franklins Gulls that spend time at Blackstrap Lake during the summer. This is about 2% the global population of this species. They may nest at nearby Indi Lake. In the spring, 600 Western Grebes use the lakes, while in summer about 250 Black Terns nest in the valley; this number is perhaps 2% or more of the Canadian population. Then, in the fall, 2,000 Tundra Swans stop here on their way south. This number is 2.3% of the Eastern Tundra Swan subpopulation (those that nest in the Canadian Arctic), and almost 1% of the North American population. In general, Blackstrap Lake is more important for migrating waterbirds, while the more natural marshes of Indi Lake are more important for breeding waterbirds.

Many other birds use these wetlands. For instance Bufflehead, Stilt Sandpiper, and Red-necked Phalarope are all found here in good numbers in the fall. Also, six pairs of Forsters Tern breed here. In total, as of 1992, 239 species of birds have been identified in the Blackstrap area (an area probably larger than this IBA).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Blackstrap Coulee. Downloaded from on 25/09/2022.